Sony PlayStation


  • Cores:
    • pcsx_rearmed (default)
    • duckstation
    • swanstation
  • Paths:
    • /roms/psx
  • Supported Extensions: .chd .m3u .cue+.bin .ccd+.img .iso .pbp .mds+.mdf .toc+.bin
  • Bios: Required


PCSX-ReARMed requires one of the following BIOSes:

BIOS md5
PSXONPSP660.bin c53ca5908936d412331790f4426c6c33
scph101.bin 6E3735FF4C7DC899EE98981385F6F3D0
scph7001.bin 1e68c231d0896b7eadcad1d7d8e76129
scph5501.bin 490f666e1afb15b7362b406ed1cea246
scph1001.bin 924e392ed05558ffdb115408c263dccf

The following bioses are required for other emulators:

BIOS md5
scph5500.bin 8dd7d5296a650fac7319bce665a6a53c
scph5501.bin 490f666e1afb15b7362b406ed1cea246
scph5502.bin 32736f17079d0b2b7024407c39bd3050

Warning: There is currently a bug in PCSX-ReARMed that will make it crash if the BIOS file ps1_rom.bin is present. Please see the PCSX-ReARMed crash FAQ for more information.


Base rom file

There are a lot of extensions that are supported, and often multiple types are required together in order for emulation to work. Our recommended format for PlayStation roms is .chd. CHD files are compressed, so they take up less space, but unlike other compressed formats (such as .pbp), they still work with achievements. Instructions for converting to .chd format can be found on the CD and DVD ROMs page.

The most common format for PlayStation roms is .cue+.bin. These can be converted to .chd if desired, but will work just fine with AmberELEC. Please note that the .cue file is required, and the rom is incomplete without it. .cue+.bin games should always be launched by their .cue file, otherwise the game may be missing some audio. If you have a .bin file without a .cue file, it’s recommended that you delete it and source a complete rom (since the rom may be broken in other ways), but you can also use the DuckStation Cue Maker to make a .cue file that matches your .bin.

Playlists for multidisk games (m3u)

PlayStation has support for .m3u files, which are playlists that can contain multiple disks. Using .m3u files, you can make it so that multidisk games only have one entry in your game list. For full information about m3u files, please see CD and DVD ROMs: Multidisk Playlists.

AmberELEC can generate m3u files for all your PlayStation games automaticcally. To do this, go to the Tools section, and launch PSX - Create m3u files. If your games are named in an unusual fashion, the m3u files may need to be adjusted afterwards.


There are two cores provided by AmberELEC for PlayStation emulation:

  • PCSX ReARMed
  • DuckStation(/SwanStation)

PCSX ReARMed is our default core for performance reasons. DuckStation(/SwanStation) should only be needed for supporting some games that do not run correctly with PCSX ReARMed; it may be more accurate, but the performance on this hardware will often be worse.


Controls and Rumble Not Working in Games

Early PlayStation games do not recognize the DualShock controller and will not accept input, so in recent builds we have configured the Standard controller as the default. This allows most games to work without having to change the configuration, but means analog sticks and rumble will be disabled. Users who have upgraded from earlier builds of AmberELEC may have non-functioning controls when trying to start some games.

To change the attached virtual controller:

RetroArch Quick Menu (SELECT+X) > Controls > Port 1 Controls > Change ‘Device Type’ to standard or dualshock as desired. You may also need to set ‘Digital to Analog’ to None, depending on the game’s behavior.

Poor Performance

RK3326 CPU is not powerful enough to run all PlayStation games at full speed all the time. You will see some stuttering and skipping in demanding games like Gran Turismo, Ape Escape and others. Other games will appear to run flawlessly. This will continue to be the case unless there is some significant optimization in the emulators themselves; AmberELEC team has no control over this.